NATURAL GAS WEEKLY UPDATE (Week Ending 09-03-21)

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NATURAL GAS WEEKLY UPDATE (Week Ending 09-03-21)

In the News (EIA):

Shale natural gas production in the Appalachian Basin sets records in first half of 2021:

Dry natural gas production from shale formations in the Appalachian Basin that spans Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio has been growing since 2008, and monthly production has recently set new records. Production in the region reached 32.5 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in December 2020, and has averaged 31.9 Bcf/d during the first half of 2021, the highest average for a six-month period since production began in 2008. The Appalachian Basin contains two shale formations, Marcellus and Utica, which accounted for 34% of all U.S. dry natural gas production in 2021. On its own, the Appalachian Basin would have been the third-largest natural gas producer in the world in 2021, behind Russia and the rest of the United States. Record dry natural gas production in the first half of 2021 was made possible by growth in pipeline takeaway capacity that allows natural gas produced in the Appalachian Basin to reach other demand markets, especially in the Midwest. From 2008 to 2020, total pipeline takeaway capacity from the Northeast increased from 4.5 Bcf/d to 24.5 Bcf/d, alleviating some congestion and supporting higher wholesale natural gas prices in the region. Most of the increase in takeaway capacity happened between 2014 and 2020, when pipeline capacity increased by 16.5 Bcf/d, much of which was directed to the Midwest. Pipeline takeaway capacity from Appalachia to Canada and the Southeast has also increased. Recent expansions of pipeline capacity in the Southeast are supporting growth in exports of U.S. liquefied natural gas, in addition to rising consumption in the industrial and power generation sectors. Although natural gas pipeline capacity out of the Northeastern United States has grown every year since 2014, the rate of increase has slowed, and recently has not kept pace with growth in regional production. The Mountain Valley Pipeline is the largest natural gas pipeline currently being constructed in the region, and is targeted to enter service in 2022. The pipeline will move natural gas from northwestern West Virginia to southern Virginia, extending the Equitrans transmission system to the Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company’s Zone 5 compressor station 165 near Gretna, Virginia. It is designed to move 2.0 Bcf/d of natural gas, and is intended to further alleviate pipeline congestion. Pipelines tend to be most full in the region during the late summer when consumption of natural gas within the region is typically at its lowest.


Natural gas spot prices rose at most locations this report week (Wednesday, August 25, to Wednesday, September 1). The Henry Hub spot price rose from $4.01 per million British thermal units (MMBtu) last Wednesday to $4.46/MMBtu yesterday. The September 2021 NYMEX contract expired Friday at $4.370/MMBtu, up 47¢/MMBtu from last Wednesday. The October 2021 NYMEX contract price increased to $4.615/MMBtu, up 69¢/MMBtu from last Wednesday to yesterday. The price of the 12-month strip averaging October 2021 through September 2022 futures contracts climbed 41¢/MMBtu to $4.066/MMBtu. The net injections to working gas totaled 20 billion cubic feet (Bcf) for the week ending August 27. Working natural gas stocks totaled 2,871 Bcf, which is 17% lower than the year-ago level and 7% lower than the five-year (2016–2020) average for this week. The natural gas plant liquids composite price at Mont Belvieu, Texas, rose by 27¢/MMBtu, averaging $9.84/MMBtu for the week ending September 1. Isobutane and natural gasoline prices rose 4%, following the 4% increase in Brent crude oil prices. Normal butane prices increased 5% as exports reached record highs, averaging above 400,000 b/d from January through June 2021, a 26% increase over the same period in 2020. The elevated normal butane exports follow the commissioning of the Repauno Port and Rail Terminal, which includes a new marine export terminal along the Delaware River in New Jersey capable of loading liquefied petroleum gases (LPG—propane, normal butane, and isobutane). The terminal loaded its first vessel at the beginning of the year, and since then, it has been regularly shipping normal butane cargos. Propane prices rose 2% and are still at a premium to crude oil, but the premium narrowed for the second consecutive week. The propane premium to crude oil decreased by 13%, or 6¢/MMBtu, for the week ending September 1. Ethane prices rose above $5.00/MMBtu over the week, increasing by 2%, which is more than the 1% increase in ethylene prices and less than the 11% increase in natural gas prices on the Houston Ship Channel. The ethane premium to natural gas narrowed by 31%, or 33¢/MMBtu, for the week ending September 1. According to Baker Hughes, for the report week ending Tuesday, August 24, the natural gas rig count remained flat at 97 rigs. The number of oil-directed rigs rose by 5 rigs to 410 rigs, the highest reported total since mid-April 2020. Oil-directed drilling rig increases were led by the Permian Basin, with a 2-rig increase, and by Wyoming, also with a 2-rig increase. Oklahoma’s Anadarko Basin also added 1 rig. The total rig count increased by 5 rigs, and it now stands at 508 rigs, or 264 rigs (108%) above the August 14, 2020, total of 244 rigs, which was the lowest level in the past 20 years.


Supply disruption caused by Hurricane Ida results in elevated prices along the U.S. Gulf Coast. This report week (Wednesday, August 25, to Wednesday, September 1), the Henry Hub spot price rose 45¢ from a weekly low of $4.01/MMBtu last Wednesday to a weekly high of $4.46/MMBtu yesterday. The Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) estimates close to 1.9 Bcf/d of natural gas production from the offshore Gulf of Mexico was shut in as of yesterday morning, down slightly from a peak of 2.1 Bcf/d reported on Tuesday morning. This reduced offshore supply by 1.9 Bcf/d on average week over week, according to IHS Markit, from an average of 2.6 Bcf/d last week to 0.7 Bcf/d this week. Hurricane Ida caused significant damage to power transmission infrastructure in Louisiana. Although power outages and shutdowns at industrial facilities throughout the region reduced demand, consumption in the Southeast declined by less than production, falling by 1.0 Bcf/d week over week, according to IHS Markit estimates. Higher prices in the region caused by the supply-demand imbalance led to increased receipts of natural gas from other regions, and pipeline receipts from the Northeast rose on average by 0.3 Bcf/d week over week. IHS estimates flows from the Northeast into the Southeast rose above 9.6 Bcf/d for only the fourth time ever. Prior to 2015, the Northeast was a net recipient of natural gas from the Southeast. Prices in the Midwest follow Henry Hub upward, as disruptions to Southeast natural gas supply affect the natural gas market. At the Chicago Citygate, the price increased 45¢ from $3.95/MMBtu last Wednesday to $4.40/MMBtu yesterday. The rise in prices occurred despite a general decline in natural gas demand in the region. Temperatures across the Midwest moderated somewhat week over week; temperatures in the Chicago area reached a high of 76ºF yesterday, 4ºF below normal. IHS Markit estimates average weekly natural gas consumption for electric power generation declined by almost 2.4 Bcf/d from last Wednesday (when it exceeded 4.7 Bcf/d for the first time this summer) to yesterday. Prices in California are mixed, as higher cost of supply is partially offset by lower demand at the end of the week. The price at PG&E Citygate in Northern California rose 63¢, up from $5.20/MMBtu last Wednesday to a weekly high of $5.83/MMBtu yesterday. Prices at hubs where natural gas into the PG&E territory originates went up this report week, reaching their weekly highs yesterday. The price at Sumas on the Canada-Washington border rose 58¢ from $3.82/MMBtu last Wednesday to $4.40/MMBtu yesterday. The price at Opal Hub in southwest Wyoming rose 42¢ from $3.98/MMBtu last Wednesday to $4.40/MMBtu yesterday. The price at Cheyenne Hub in southeast Wyoming rose 51¢ from $3.79/MMBtu last Wednesday to $4.30/MMBtu yesterday. Prices in Southern California declined this week. The price at SoCal Citygate decreased $1.28/MMBtu from $6.74/MMBtu last Wednesday to $5.46/MMBtu yesterday, after reaching a weekly high of $7.23/MMBtu on Thursday. Prices at the SoCal Citygate remained elevated throughout most of the report week, as natural gas deliveries to SoCal Gas territory remain limited. In addition to the previously reported capacity reductions on El Paso Natural Gas Company’s (EPNG) Line 2000, EPNG declared a force majeure at its Waha Station compressor, which further reduced capacity on the system by approximately 0.3 Bcf/d starting yesterday. Prices began decreasing on Tuesday, and they fell below $6.00/MMBtu yesterday as temperatures in the region moderated and natural gas demand for power generation declined. NOAA reports temperatures in the Riverside area, inland from Los Angeles, averaged 71.5ºF yesterday, almost 8ºF below normal, and 12ºF below Sunday’s average of 83.5ºF. Natural gas demand for power generation demand in California also fell during this period, from an estimated 2.7 Bcf/d on Sunday to 1.9 Bcf/d yesterday. Prices fall in the Northeast in response to lower temperatures and reduced demand from the electric power generation sector. At the Algonquin Citygate, which serves Boston-area consumers, the price went down 35¢ from $4.32/MMBtu last Wednesday to $3.97/MMBtu yesterday. At the Transcontinental Pipeline Zone 6 trading point for New York City, the price decreased 13¢ from $3.99/MMBtu last Wednesday to $3.86/MMBtu yesterday. Temperatures fell throughout the region yesterday, declining in the New York City area to more than 10ºF below normal. IHS Markit estimates electric power generation demand in the Northeast declined from close to 12.4 Bcf/d last Wednesday to 8.1 Bcf/d yesterday in response to lower electricity demand for air-conditioning, as well as power outages in the region. Public Service Enterprise Group, the largest utility in New Jersey, reports as many as 135,000 customers in its service territory were without power on Wednesday, after the remnants of Hurricane Ida swept through the region. Prices in the Appalachian Basin reach weekly highs yesterday in response to higher prices in the Southeast and Midwest and increased pipeline flows out of the region. The Tennessee Zone 4 Marcellus spot price increased 14¢ from $3.68/MMBtu last Wednesday to $3.82/MMBtu yesterday. The price at Eastern Gas South in southwest Pennsylvania rose 11¢ from $3.73/MMBtu last Wednesday to $3.84/MMBtu yesterday. IHS Markit estimates westbound flows from the region exceeded 6.2 Bcf/d yesterday, for the first time since late June. Southbound flows also rose to compensate for reduced production in the Gulf of Mexico. Permian Basin production region prices rise faster than Henry Hub prices. The price at the Waha Hub in West Texas, which is located near Permian Basin production activities, rose 62¢/MMBtu this report week, from $3.68/MMBtu last Wednesday to $4.30/MMBtu yesterday, resulting in a reduced discount relative to the Henry Hub price. The Waha hub traded 33¢/MMBtu below the Henry Hub price last Wednesday, and 16¢/MMBtu lower than the Henry Hub price yesterday. IHS Markit estimates average weekly production in the Permian Basin declined 0.7 Bcf/d week over week, closely following reductions in westbound flows because of the outages on the EPNG system (see California discussion above). The tightened market in the Gulf Coast because of Hurricane Ida resulted in price increases in all regions supplying the Gulf Coast market, resulting in strengthening prices at the Waha hub. Average U.S. natural gas supply falls week over week. Total average natural gas supply fell by 2.3%, or 2.3 Bcf/d, compared with the previous report week, according to data from IHS Markit. Average dry natural gas production and marketed production decreased by 2.4% and 2.6%, respectively (or 2.2 Bcf/d and 2.8 Bcf/d), driven by a decrease in production from the Gulf of Mexico. Average net imports from Canada were relatively flat at 5.1 Bcf/d, and they remain approximately 0.3 Bcf/d above levels in the same week last year. Average U.S. natural gas consumption decreases compared with previous report week due to lower demand for electric power generation. Average total U.S. consumption of natural gas fell by 1.4%, or 1.0 Bcf/d, compared with the prior report week. Natural gas demand for power generation fell by 2.3%, or 0.9 Bcf/d, as temperatures moderated near the end of the report week across the central and northeastern United States. The industrial sector and pipeline fuel use decreased by 0.6% and 2.9% (or 0.1 Bcf/d and 0.2 Bcf/d), respectively. Demand in the residential and commercial sector was relatively flat week over week, as were pipeline receipts at liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminals. Exports to Mexico increased by 4.1%, or 0.2 Bcf/d. U.S. LNG exports increase week over week. Twenty LNG vessels (six from Sabine Pass, four each from Corpus Christi and Freeport, three from Cameron, two from Cove Point, and one from Elba Island) with a combined LNG-carrying capacity of 73 Bcf departed the United States between August 26 and September 1, 2021, according to shipping data provided by Bloomberg Finance, L.P.


The net injections into storage totaled 20 Bcf for the week ending August 27, compared with the five-year (2016–2020) average net injections of 53 Bcf and last year’s net injections of 36 Bcf during the same week. Working natural gas stocks totaled 2,871 Bcf, which is 222 Bcf lower than the five-year average and 579 Bcf lower than last year at this time. According to The Desk survey of natural gas analysts, estimates of the weekly net change to working natural gas stocks ranged from net injections of 13 Bcf to 34 Bcf, with a median estimate of 24 Bcf. The average rate of injections into storage is 15% lower than the five-year average so far in the refill season (April through October). If the rate of injections into storage matched the five-year average of 9.6 Bcf/d for the remainder of the refill season, the total inventory would be 3,497 Bcf on October 31, which is 222 Bcf lower than the five-year average of 3,719 Bcf for that time of year.

Pipe Exchange
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Last Updated: August 2019


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Last updated: August 2019

Welcome to Exchange (the “Website”). The Website is owned and operated by Pipe Exchange LLCPipe ExchangePipe Exchange including its related companies, affiliates and subsidiaries (collectively “Pipe Exchange,” “we,” “us,” “our”). We make the Website available to you, subject to the following Terms of Use (these “Terms of Use”). PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING TERMS OF USE CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THE WEBSITE. By using the Website, you agree to these Terms of Use and agree they create a legally binding agreement between you and Pipe Exchange. If you do not agree to these Terms of Use, you may not use the Website. These Terms of Use are effective unless and until terminated by Pipe Exchange.

Minors are not authorized to access or use the Website for any purpose.


Pipe Exchange reserves the right, at any time, to modify, amend, alter or update these Terms of Use. These changes will be effective as of the date we post the revised version. By continuing to use the Website following such modifications, amendments, alterations or updates, you agree to be bound by such modifications, amendments, alterations or updates. Therefore, you should periodically visit this page to review our most current Terms of Use.

You may access the current version of these Terms of Use at any time by clicking on the link marked “Terms of Use” at the bottom of each page of the Website.


In the course of your use of the Website, you may be asked to provide certain personalized information to us (such information referred to hereinafter as “User Information”).  Our information collection and use policies with respect to the privacy of such User Information are set forth in the Website’s Privacy Policy which is incorporated herein by reference for all purposes.  You acknowledge and agree that you are solely responsible for the accuracy and content of User Information, and you agree to keep it up to date. 


Pipe Exchange respects the intellectual property rights of others. As between you and Pipe Exchange, and except any User Information which you provide, all rights, title and interests in the Website, including all the content (including, for example, audio, photographs, illustrations, graphics, other visuals, video, copy, software, etc.), code, data and materials thereon, the look and feel, design and organization of the Website, and the compilation of the content, code, data and materials on the Website, including but not limited to any copyrights, trademark rights, patent rights, database rights, moral rights, sui generis rights and other intellectual property and proprietary rights therein (collectively the “Content”) are owned by Pipe Exchange or by third parties who have licensed or provided their Content to us. The Website is protected under Trademarks (as defined below), copyright, patent, trade secret and other intellectual property rights laws, and your use of the Website does not grant to you ownership of any Content you may access on the Website. You are prohibited from using the Website to infringe or violate any intellectual property rights. Pipe Exchange may terminate your right to access the Website if it believes you are using the Website in a manner that infringes the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property rights of another.

We may investigate occurrences that may involve violations of the security of the Services or of the law and we may involve, and cooperate with, law enforcement authorities in prosecuting users who are involved in such violations.

The trademarks, logos, service marks and trade names (collectively the “Trademarks”) displayed on the Website or on content available through the Website are registered and unregistered Trademarks of ours and others and may not be used unless authorized by the trademark owner.  All Trademarks not owned by us that appear on the Website or on or through the Website’s services, if any, are the property of their respective owners.  Nothing contained on the Website should be construed as granting, by implication, estoppel, or otherwise, any license or right to use any Trademark displayed on the Website without our written permission or that of the third-party rights holder.  Your misuse of the Trademarks displayed on the Website is strictly prohibited.  Pipe Exchange will aggressively enforce its Trademark rights to the fullest extent of the law, including the seeking of criminal prosecution.


The Website and the Content are intended for your personal use.  You may access and view the content on the Website via your computer or other internet compatible device, and make single copies or prints of the content on the Website for your personal, internal use only.   The Website and the services offered on or through the Website, including Pipe Exchange’s e-publication and any other content and materials thereon, are only for your personal, non-commercial use. Except as otherwise provided on the Website, you may not modify, copy, distribute, transmit, display, perform, reproduce, publish, license, sell, create derivative works from, transfer, or sell any information, software, products or services obtained from the Website. Use of the Website to sell a product or service, or to increase traffic to your website for commercial reasons, such as advertising sales is expressly forbidden.


Any commercial distribution, publishing or exploitation of the Website, or any content, code, data or materials on the Website, is strictly prohibited unless you have received the express prior permission of Pipe Exchange or the applicable rights holder.  You may not otherwise download, display, copy, reproduce, distribute, modify, perform, transfer, create derivative works from, sell or otherwise exploit any content, code, data or materials on the Website.  If you make other use of the Website, or the content, code, data or materials thereon, except as otherwise provided above, you may violate copyright and other laws of the United States, other countries, as well as applicable state laws and may be subject to liability for such unauthorized use.  Pipe Exchange will aggressively enforce its intellectual property rights to the fullest extent of the law, including the seeking of criminal prosecution.


You are prohibited from violating, or attempting to violate the security of the Website. Any such violations may result in criminal and civil liabilities to you.  You warrant and agree that, while using the Website and the various services and features offered on or through the Website, you shall not: (a) impersonate any person or entity or misrepresent your affiliation with any other person or entity; (b) insert your own or a third party’s advertising, branding or other promotional content into any of the Website’s content, materials or services, or use, redistribute, republish or exploit such content or service for any further commercial or promotional purposes or take any action that would constitute or could be interpreted as an endorsement or sponsorship by Pipe Exchange of any third party site, content, information or other materials, or in any manner that would violate the terms and conditions of any such third party sites; (c) attempt to probe, scan, or test the vulnerability of any system or network; or (d) attempt to gain unauthorized access to data not intended for you and/or other computer systems through the Website.  You shall not: (i) engage in spidering, “screen scraping,” “database scraping,” harvesting of e-mail addresses, wireless addresses or other contact or personal information, or any other automatic means of accessing, logging-in or registering on the Website or for any services or features offered on or through the Website, or obtaining lists of users or obtaining or accessing other information or features on, from or through the Website or the services offered on or through the Website, including, without limitation, any information residing on any server or database connected to the Website or any services offered on or through the Website; (ii) obtain or attempt to obtain unauthorized access to computer systems, materials, information or any services made available on or through the Website through any means; (iii) use the Website or the services made available on or through the Website in any manner with the intent to interrupt, damage, disable, overburden, or impair the Website or such services, including, without limitation, sending mass unsolicited messages or “flooding,” “spamming,” or “crashing” any systems; (iv) use the Website or the Website’s services or features in violation of Pipe Exchange’s or any third party’s intellectual property or other proprietary or legal rights; or (v) use the Website or the Website’s services in violation of any applicable law.  You further agree that you may not attempt (or encourage or support anyone else’s attempt) to circumvent, reverse engineer, decrypt, or otherwise alter or interfere with the Website or the Website’s services, or any content thereof, or make unauthorized use thereof.  You agree that you will not use the Website in any manner that could damage, disable, overburden, or impair the Website or interfere with any other party’s use and enjoyment of the Website. You may not obtain or attempt to obtain any materials or information through any means not intentionally made publicly available or provided for through the Website. Pipe Exchange will investigate any alleged violations and will cooperate with law enforcement agencies in their investigations.


Some of the information and material available through the Website are provided to Pipe Exchange by third parties (“Third-Party Material”). In some instances, the source of the Third-Party Material is identified. Third-Party Material is provided for your convenience only and Pipe Exchange does not endorse these materials or the parties who supply them to us. Pipe Exchange does not warrant or represent that these Third-Party Materials are current, accurate or reliable.


We respect the intellectual property rights of others, and require that the people who use the Website do the same.  If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please forward the following information to Pipe Exchange’s Copyright Agent, designated as such pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 512(c)(2), named below:

  • Your address, telephone number, and email address;
  • A description of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed;
  • A description of where the alleged infringing material is located;
  • A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
  • An electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright interest; and
  • A statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your Notice is accurate and that you are the copyright owner or authorized to act on the copyright owner’s behalf.
  • For all email submissions please include the subject line: DMCA Takedown Request.


Pipe Exchange has adopted a policy of terminating, in appropriate circumstances, accounts of users of the services or the Website who are deemed to have repeatedly uploaded content that infringes the intellectual property rights of others.


Copyright Agent:

Pipe Exchange Legal

c/o Pipe Exchange LLC

14025 West Road.
Suite #100
Houston, TX 77041

Phone: + (713) 934-9480








Pipe Exchange may terminate, change, suspend or discontinue any aspect of the Website or the Website’s services at any time.  Pipe Exchange may restrict, suspend or terminate your access to the Website and/or its services if we believe you are in breach of our terms and conditions or applicable law, or for any other reason without notice or liability.  Pipe Exchange maintains a policy that provides for the termination in appropriate circumstances of the Website use privileges of users who are repeat infringers of intellectual property rights.


If you are dissatisfied with any portion of the Website or with any of these Terms of Use, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using the Website.


These Terms of Use and the relationship between you and Pipe Exchange shall be governed by the laws of the United States and the State of Florida without regard to its conflict of law provisions. You hereby irrevocably submit and consent to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction of the courts located within Miami-Dade County, Florida and agree that any cause of action that may arise under these Terms of Use and all disputes arising out of or relating to the use of the Website shall be commenced and be heard in the appropriate court in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The failure of Pipe Exchange to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms of Use shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any provision of these Terms of Use is found by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavor to give effect to the parties’ intentions as reflected in the provision, and the other provisions of these Terms of Use remain in full force and effect. 


If you have any questions regarding these Terms of Use, please either:

Send an email to

Write to Pipe Exchange at the following address:

14025 West Road

Suite 100

Houston, TX 77041


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